Country of Origin: Finland
Height: Male: 44–50 cm, Female: 39–45 cm
Weight: Male: 12–13 kg, Female: 7–10 kg
Color: Gold, Red, Red Gold
Life Expectancy: 13 – 15 years
Temperament: Playful, Vocal, Loyal, Happy, Intelligent, Independent
Litter Size: 2 - 6 puppies
Health Problems: Generally healthy.
The Finnish Spitz dogs were originally known as the Suomenpystrykorva (the Finnish Cock-Eared Dog) and the Finnish Barking Birddogs.
About 2000 years ago they were brought from the Volga River area of central Russia to what is now Finland, and are considered the National dog of Finland, and are mentioned in several patriotic songs.
They were used to hunt small game. When the dog would find their pray they would alert the hunter with their distinctive yodel type, ringing bark, pointing with their head in the direction the animal was in.
The breed is more popular in Scandinavian countries and less popular in the USA, most likely due to their reputation of using their bark to alert their masters. In appearance the Finnish Spitz reminds one of a fox.
The body is muscular and square. The head is flat between the ears, rounding slightly at the forehead.
The narrow muzzle has a pronounced stop and is wider at the base where it attaches to the skull, tapering to a point.
The nose and lips are black. The teeth meet in a scissors bite. The dark, almond-shaped eyes have black rims.
The ears are set high, erect and open toward the front of the dog.
The legs are straight when viewed from the front. The topline is level. The chest is deep, reaching to the elbows.
The plumed tail curls up over the back and down the side with an abundant amount of hair. Dewclaws are sometimes removed and the catlike feet are round.