English Toy Spaniel
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Country of Origin: England
Height: about 10 inches (25 cm)
Weight: 9 - 12 pounds (4.1 - 5.4 kg)
Color: Blenheim, Tri-color, Black & Tan, Ruby
Life Expectancy: 10 – 13 years
Temperament: Playful, Reserved, Gentle, Happy, Affectionate, Loving
Litter Size: 2 - 5 puppies
Health Problems: Some bloodlines are prone to respiratory problems, heart disease (MVD), slipped stifle, eye problems and ear infections. Keep the eyes and ears clean to avoid infection. Like many other short-faced breeds, the English Toy Spaniel may wheeze and snore and have trouble breathing in hot weather if it overexerts itself, because of its very short muzzle.
In the late 1600s the King Charles Spaniels were interbred with Pugs, which resulted in a smaller dog with flatter noses, upturned faces, rounded heads and protruding eyes.
The consequence of this breeding is what we know today as the King Charles Spaniel (English Toy Spaniel). It was developed in the British Isles and was a favorite of British Royalty. The breed was recognized by the AKC in 1886.
The English Toy Spaniel is a small, square-shaped spaniel.
The round head is large in proportion to the dog.
The muzzle is very short, with a pushed back nose and extra skin under the eyes.
The stop is deep and well-defined. The black nose is large with wide nostrils.
The square jaw is large and deep with a slight underbite.
The large eyes are dark brown or black with black eye rims.
The ears are very long, hanging close to the head with heavy feathering. The ears should not have a lot of white on them.
The tail is either a natural screw, or is docked to about 2 to 4 inches (5-10 cm) in length. Note: docking tails is illegal in most parts of Europe.
The long coat is straight or slightly wavy with longer feathering on the ears, body, chest, front and back legs, and feet.