Other names: Flanders Cattle Dog, Vlaamse Koehond
Country of Origin: Belgium (Flanders)
Height: Female: 59–65 cm, Male: 62–68 cm
Weight: Female: 27–35 kg, Male: 35–40 kg
Color: Black, Salt & Pepper, Grey, Fawn, Brindle, Black & Brown
Life Expectancy: 18 – 12 years
Temperament: Protective, Gentle, Loyal, Familial, Rational, Intelligent.
Litter Size: 4 - 11 puppies
Health Problems: Prone to hip dysplasia, eye problems such as cataracts. The Bouvier has a very high pain threshold.
The Bouvier des Flandres was first shown in Brussels in 1910. In the first World War, it was used as a messenger and ambulance dog.
The Bouvier is a powerful, impressive dog with a massive and heavily-coated head with a beard and mustache. The thick beard and shaggy eyebrows give the dog a very distinctive appearance. The slightly tapered muzzle is strong and broad. The oval, dark brown eyes have a bold, affectionate and lively expression.
The nose is black. The teeth should meet in a scissors bite. Body length from point of shoulder to the tip of the rump should be approximately equal to the height of the dog from the withers to the ground, giving the dog a square profile.
The front legs are muscular and perfectly straight.
The chest is broad and deep. The dog has a double coat. The rough, shaggy-looking outer coat is harsh and dry to the touch.
This steel-wool hair comes in black, fawn, blonde, gray, or brindle. Solid black is not favored in the show ring, but is accepted. Blonde coats are not accepted in the show ring. The Bouvier's coat is lined with a dense undercoat. The AKC allows a white marking on the chest. The coat protects the dog in all types of inclement weather.
The ears are triangular and erect. The tail is docked and the ears may be cropped to a point, though some breeders prefer to leave them natural. Docking and Cropping is illegal in some European countries. Belgians lines tend to be somewhat smaller and lighter than Dutch bloodlines.