Country of Origin: Switzerland
Height: Male: 64–70 cm, Female: 58–66 cm
Weight: Male: 39–50 kg, Female: 36–48 kg
Color: Tricolor (black, rust, and white)
Life Expectancy: 5 – 8 years
Temperament: Loyal, Faithful, Intelligent, Affectionate
Litter Size: 1 - 15 puppies
Health Problems: The Bernese Mountain Dog is prone to bloat, cancer and eyelid problems, hip and elbow dysplasia. Gains weight easily.
The Bernese is a dog which has evolved from mstiff-type dogs and local dogs which guarded flocks, and is a breed capable of withstanding mountain conditions.
The Bernese Mountain Dog is a sturdy, heavy dog, with a beautiful weather-resistant tri-color double coat of black with symmetrical markings of rust and white. The dog should have a white blaze on the chest, white on the head and toes, and rust markings over each eye, on the cheeks, sides of the chest, under the tail and on each leg.
The coat is moderately long and either straight or slightly wavy. The broad head has a slight furrow down the middle. The medium-sized triangular ears are pendant. The dark eyes have a gentle expression and the nose is black. The teeth should meet in a scissors bite. The body is compact with a wide, deep chest. The brisket should reach down to the elbow at least.
The tail is long and bushy, carried low when in repose (a slight upward curve is permissible when the dog is alert). Dewclaws should be removed.